SEXUAL SLAVERY AND EXPLOITATION
Globally, 1 in 200 people live in slavery.
An estimated 403,000 people live in trafficking situations in the United States.
New York City serves as a gateway and is one of the largest destinations for trafficked women in the country.
What is human trafficking?
The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) defines trafficking as the act of recruiting, harboring, transporting, or obtaining a person for compelled labor or commercial sex acts through the use of force, fraud, or coercion.
Traffickers often recruit women through deceptive job ads or false promises, exploiting vulnerabilities such as immigration status, debt, education, language, or children.
The survivors of trafficking we serve at Restore are often motivated mothers, desperate to provide for themselves and their children. We are committed to walking alongside women with holistic support, including trafficking assessment, counseling, legal assistance, safe housing, and job placement.
Where does trafficking happen?
Polaris has identified 25 industries of slavery that exist today. At Restore, these are the six most common types of trafficking that survivors report.
HOTEL & HOSPITALITY
PERSONAL SEXUAL SERVITUDE
BARS, STRIP CLUBS, & CANTINAS
ABOUT ILLICIT MASSAGE BUSINESSES
The majority of referrals to Restore are for women exploited in illicit massage businesses. For every Starbucks in New York City, there are 4x more illicit massage businesses. Illicit massage businesses are known venues for trafficking women for sex across the country, whether in small, rural areas or the biggest city in America — New York.
These are massage parlors that pose as legitimate businesses and exploit women for sex for profit. They are in every borough of New York, in most neighborhoods, and we walk by them everyday.
“The trafficking survivors from illicit massage businesses (IMBs) that I have worked with are often exploited in a … subtle way … The women can have multiple vulnerabilities, such as debt, unstable immigration status, language barriers, lack of knowledge of laws in the United States, low education, shame, and so on. These vulnerabilities compound and form a trap closely surrounding the women working in massage parlors.”*
— BEISI HUANG, LMSW, RESTORE COUNSELOR
*Quoted on page 27 of Polaris' Human Trafficking in Illicit Massage Businesses report
"WHY DON'T WOMEN JUST LEAVE?"
The most common misconception of trafficked women is that they have a lot of choice.
Even though they may have freedom to walk outside the business, many times we see that they do not have choice in where or how they live, or even what they eat. Coercion can look subtle as traffickers use threats and manipulation to keep a woman fearful and trapped.
Meet “Patricia,” mother of “Marta” (7) and “Luis” (2). Patricia was sold to a local gang at the age of 16 because her parents could not afford to support their family. She was trafficked at a cantina in her rural community in Central America before being brought to New York by an abusive boyfriend.
*Name has been changed to protect client's identity. No identifiable women in our communications are known to have been exploited.